Reading Latin: Text

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Reading Latin: Text


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Reading Latin


.1I.IIIII[D.r TIll 'RfH WND1C"T( Of TIn: UNlVrRSlTY 01 The Pin 8ulkbnll:. Trumrlngton Sl1l'el. C~mbndge. United Kmgdom


(:A"lIRIDCI IINJI'[R RUlZ de Al.m:6n 11. ~So,~ .\Udnd, SpWt Dock Houoe. The \\~lerftonl. C~pc TCMTI 800', $oulh Afi'iu



This book



~~¢ll SuhJttl 10 !.Ufmor)" cxccpoon

and 10 the pn;n'U.lOlU of ~1C'\'Wt coDC'ctI>... hccmmg :ag:rumenrs. DO fCd paulanm loco molUS c~sJt, equllCsque Pompei hoc icrim instare et \C turmatlm explicare aClemque nomam a lalere aperto elreumire cocpCrum. quod ubi Caesar ammumaduertlt. quartae aCIC! dedit signum. Illae cdenler pr6cucurrcrum infesti~quc signis tand ui In Pompei equlrCs Impetum fcccrum ut cOrum IIcmo eonslSterel omnesque conuersi non wlum loco exccderenl. sed prounus lIleltiti fuga montis alussun5s pcterellt. qUlbus summotis omnes ~glttirii funditorc«Jue dCstituti mermcs sIne praC51dlo mrerf"ti SUnl. cOdem impelu cohones Slllinrum cornu, PompClanis enam lum m aClc pugnannbus et





(Vi btflo duf/i 3.92-4) Pompey saw th;at hIS avalr)' were routed .lnd rhat Ihe part of his forces In whIch he had placed his greatC$t confidence v.'"aS in pamc, and ffilSlrusnng Ihe resl of hIS ann)·, he left thc field and rode str-ught to hIS camp. There he shouted, III a voice loud enough for alllhe troops 10 hear. 'Keep an cye on the camp. and If .lnythmg goes wrong sec 10 its defence. I am gomg round [Q the other gates to encourage the garnson.' Having said this he retired to hiS headquarten to await the outcome, but with httle hope of success, The retreallllg Pompcia1l5 were driven back mside Ihe rampart alld Caesar, thmking Ihar they should be glvCII no resplte III their panic, urged h,s men to take :Idvanrage of theIr good luck and storm the camp. They were exhausted by the great heat (for the acrion had been prolonged til] midday), but were ready for anything and obeyed hl5 orders. The camp was being vlgoroudy defended by the coh.orrs lefr to guard II, and even more fiercely by rhe Thracian and barbamn auxilJ.mes. For the troops who had retreated from the banlefield were rerrified and exhausted. and most of them threw away rhctr amH and military standards. with their mmds 011 further Rlghr rather than rhr defence of the camp. Those who had taken up Iheir poslUOns on rhe ' lms an dlhe nrnpart were unable to hold out agamst the shower a f ~ave exhaustion from the wounds they mfllcted. and left Ihelr posmon; and led b)' thclr cemunons and tnbuncs Ihey fled straIght to thc sheltCT of Ih e heights of the hdls that adjoined the -h wClg t In Pompey •s camp one cou Id sa: she1tefS nev.·1,· bUIlt ' :urat . urf. of S11\·cr plate dIsplayed alld quarters laId our with fTohl~'cul I . · Lenlulus. an d some or hers LlXtng co\·cred \\,th d1\')·. rhosc 0 f LUCIUS .. f C('SSI\'C luxurv, an Th ere were many other indICations 100 0 cx Con fid I ence In victory, whICh prompt«l' h tel houghl that they wert Ives WIth Wlnecessary SUle rnough of rhe outcome to provide IhernSt'. and comforts. Vel rhcy had continually uunled Caeur5 un~~~py f Iong-suffenng army wllh luxury, Ihoug h l! was alW.1Ys Ia· . sUletwn lhe 0 bilrc necessIties. When our men were already cireu ~ng In rode If h· general s IItslgrua. rampart Pompey secured a horse. tore a 15.....A ht 10 preCIpitately out of Ihe rear gler of [)nIh ~"d ,II thc Enl Pk.uurn of u.. mn md War the murdc~r wndmg before them on The thrnhold. There 100 we~ the skepmg qlUne" of

"" "'~

u>d rapg Discord ""'lth "'pen for hm bound up ""'lib,ked nhbon..

In Ihc UIIddk ~ huge d>.rk elm ,pre,d OIIt Its moem branching armt. TIm,lbey "y. u the nesting pl,ce of foolish dre,ms each cliDgmg benealb Its own leaf. Here too by thc docn are sabled many strange kiDds of anNre CmQUf"-man and bone, Sc:y1W-maidcn and dog!. 8rweua WIth hB hundred hands and the Hydra of Lema biltiag horribly and the Chimera umed in fire,

Gors;OIIJ and Harpies and thc Ihnie lrodird shade of Gnyon.

1). Scylbeque biformes.

hiDe uia Tartarei quae fcrt Acheronm ad wadis. rurbidus hie caeno uistique uorigine gurges aestuat atquc omnem COcYtO CrUmt harCnam portitor his horrendus aquas et 8Umma seruat tcrribili squilore charon, cUi plunma mCDtO canities inculu iaeet, stant lUmina ftammi• sordidus ex umcris nodo dCpendet amJc:tUS. ipse ratem conto subi81t uelrsque miDJSCdt et ferruginei subuectat corpora aunbJi. ~ iam senior, sed criida deO uiridisque JCIlCCNI.



The demisi' ~(Ilre ROfmm Rtprlbfic

potrry IlIld polilics: Virgil's At'neid


hue omnis turba ad ripis cfrosa rucbat - atque urri dcftlnet:l.que corpora ' uiti matres magnan.lmum heroum, pueri inniipueque pudlae Impos\tlque rogis I~uenes ante ora p2rentum: . quam mulra In SIIUlS amumni frigore primJipsa cadunt foha, aut ad terram gurgite a:alto q~am mulue glomerantur aues, ubi frigidus annus tr~ns po~tum_ fug~t ~t t:rns Immitut 2pricis. Of2nteS pnml transmittere cursum te_ndebanrque manus "pae uhenons 2more naOlu.sed tri~ns nunc has nunc acopll l11o~, as[ alIos lange summoros arcet harcna.



Atl1~id 6.~68-


. exciidellt alii spiranua molhus aera (credo equidem). uiuos diicent de marmorc uultiis. orabunr causis melius, c2etique meatii, desciibenr radio et surgentla sidera dicent: tii regere impeno populm. Romine, memento (hile tibi erunt artes), picique Impanere mOrern. parccre sublectis et debellare superbfu.· 'VirgIl. AtntiJ 6.84i" 53)

Section 6 D (iii)


Quintus Hor:itius Flaccus (Horace)

(65 8) 316)

A(1ltas has tf'a(htd 1/lf' Elysian Fitlds wh ' "'orkmgs of Iht IIllilltrst Ih h h' tTl' Andu$t's txplaills to 111m Ih( • f'fl s ou·s rm a parlUk ,{ h R WI sprlllg from his lillt I" ,h. oJ t t I coman !(llJtrS who II . rs Illl./. pl((( to th( / . tf'fllmJs rh( Roman rhal oln < I ollg rtVt'llllon. Ancni$t's n h' tr_mllrCUlll'ar~lhrol' h'h I III 1$ IlUk. gOI'l'rnrntlll of Iht uwld 1 l. r. 10 _a rg tT d~gru. bllt . (on II so (K dllSS!fi(J llS Oil . orr'

Horace\ father was a freedman. Yet he had enough money and ambitiOn to enable his son to study in Rome and Alhen~. In about ]8 or ]7 Horace was Introduced by Vngil to M2ecenas. whose ditnltla (' Clfde of dependan~') he joined soon after. Maecenas g2\"e hIm a farm m the Sabme hill, whieh allowed hIm 2 retreat from Rome and a return to the simple life of the country landowner whIch he often praised. After Virgil's death, he beame dose to AugustUS (a letter survives m which AugustUS makes fun of his paunch), but refwed an appomtment as his personal secreury. HIS most celebrated achievement (he himself called them' a monument more lasnng than bronze') was the first three books of Cllrmiml ('The Odes '), wntten between the battle of Aellum (J I) and 2]. HIS last work was a fourlh book of Cllnlll1l